ADOLESCENCIA TEMPRANA MEDIA Y TARDIA PDF
August 11, 2020 | by admin
En la adolescencia temprana aparecen los caracteres sexuales secundarios, En la adolescencia media y tardía aumenta la experimentación sexual y hay. Adolescencia temprana, adolescencia media y adolescencia tardia se entiende perfectamente.. Adolescencia temprana, adolescencia media y. Escala de Conducta Antisocial y Delictiva en Adolescentes, y la Escala de diferencias en la conducta antisocial entre la adolescencia temprana y la adolescencia media, . média, e entre a adolescência precoce e a adolescência . tardia.
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The relationship between alcohol use and antisocial behaviour in teenagers has been widely reported in previous research. Our main aim was to evaluate this relationship, and also to study how impulsivity influences it. The results showed that the variables which better predict anti-social behaviour in teenagers are alcohol consumption and cognitive impulsiveness.
On the other hand, it was found that there are significant differences in antisocial behavior according to gender, but not in terms of alcohol consumption. Regarding age level, significant differences were found in alcohol consumption between all age levels, and in antisocial behavior are concentrated between early and medium adolescence, and between early and late adolescence. The possible implications of the link between alcohol consumption and crime by virtue of the results obtained are discussed.
This transition period between childhood and adult life is marked by an “age culture” adolescents feel members of, in which they start developing their own behavior, interiorizing values, and sharing spaces and normative trends, all of which contributes to creating their psychosocial identity.
Regarding leisure practices and psychoactive substance experimentation, according to the World’s Health Organization report WHO,alcohol consumption represents a threat to public health, with multiple factors associated with it, such as emergencies in car crash casualties with positive alcohol levels, acute poisoning, violent clashes, suicide, violation of criminal law, high-risk sexual behavior, etc.
At the European level, binge drinking is becoming increasingly important. However, adolescents with higher alcohol intakes have a distorted perception of their negative effects, even though they are informed and well aware of them Morales et al.
According to the World’s Health Organization latest report WHO, on alcohol consumption, consumption patterns in Western societies are undergoing a profound change.
In this respect, recent studies increasingly report that consumption tends to start earlier and earlier. This involves a specific conception of space and time constructed by them through the interaction reflecting collective rules and values. The survey confirmed that alcohol remains the most used psychoactive substance, with a slight increase. The Spanish Drug and Toxic Addiction Observatory states that alcohol is the most used psychoactive substance within the Spanish population.
As far as sex is concerned, there is seemingly a reduction in the gap of women’s intensive consumption WHO,these changes being more obvious in adolescence. In addition, it reveals a growing incorporation of girls to legal drug consumption, with their levels surpassing those of boys in alcohol, tranquilizer, and tobacco consumption – indeed, the number of girls aged getting drunk is higher than that of boys the same age. According to Romo et al.
In addition, psychoactive substance consumption by juvenile offenders has fostered a growing awareness, as outlined by Delisi, Angton, Behnken, and Kusow According to Loeberthe occurrence of antisocial behavior at early ages, which will continue during adolescence, is an important predictor of substance use. However, the results from other researches indicate an inverse relationship – i. According to Blay et al. Various studies posit that night leisure contexts are associated with drug abuse and other risks for health such as violence Calafat et al.
The analysis of risk behavior in adolescents associated with social, emotional, and cognitive human development mechanisms has been a subject of study see Dussaillant, These schemes work by facilitating cognitive contents related to the desire for an immediate reward.
And this, combined with an impulsive style, could hinder adequate reflections on risk behavior consequences. The relationship between impulsiveness and substance consumption is a very important issue, since previous studies have demonstrated a link between substance use and other risk behaviors during adolescence Peters et al.
The alcohol consumption and high impulsiveness profile, as well as that of dual pathology in young offenders, have also been demonstrated to be high.
These individuals are defined by Ribas et al. Based on the above, the general objective of this research was to analyze which variables predict antisocial behavior in the adolescent population.
This general objective gave rise to other specific objectives, such as assessing the relative importance of each variable to determine the phenomenon, and calculating which percentage of antisocial behavior differences could be predicted using them. Another objective was to find out whether there are significant age- and sex-related differences in antisocial behavior and alcohol consumption.
The underlying hypothesis was that alcohol consumption and impulsiveness are the two variables predicting antisocial behavior in adolescents more accurately. The second hypothesis was the achievement of higher scores by women in alcohol consumption, and higher scores by men in antisocial behavior, as well as greater significant differences both in alcohol consumption and antisocial behavior in the late adolescence age group as compared to early and mid-adolescence.
The sample is composed of adolescents from Secondary Education in the city of Oviedo Principality of Asturias, Spain who answered the questionnaire anonymously providing the sociodemographic data necessary for the subsequent analysis.
For the selection of the sample a series of inclusion, accessibility and consent criteria were followed. A two-stage sampling of convenience with intra-group random sub-sampling was performed. Of the participants, The age range was between 12 and 18 years, with a mean of Regarding the level of studies carried out by the participants, It is a self-administered screening tool to assess problems with alcohol in adolescents.
ADOLESCENCIA TEMPRANA MEDIA Y TARDIA SEGUN LA OMS in MANDARA
It consists of twenty-three items on a Likert scale with four levels of response in which 0 is never or almost never, 1 is one or two times, 2 is between three and five occasions and 3 is five or more times. Adolescents should indicate how often during the past year they have experienced the situations described there while drinking alcohol or as a result tmeprana drinking.
The psychometric properties of the instrument showed a Cronbach’s alpha obtained for the RAPI questionnaire as a whole of 0. For the sample of this work has obtained an adoolescencia consistency, calculated with Cronbach’s alpha, of.
The internal consistency of the scale, obtained through Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, was 0. The psychometric properties of the mediia showed a high consistency in five factors: For the sample of this work an internal consistency has been obtained, calculated with Cronbach’s alpha, of.
Predictive behavior Factor I. It explores a series of behaviors not expressly criminal, although deviated from social norms and rules eg, missing school, running away from taria, driving vehicles without permission or authorization, etc.
It includes clearly criminal behavior carried out on objects or property eg. Infringements against property Factor III. Criminal conduct such as robberies and robberies in different contexts and places eg entrance adolescencua in a house, building or private property is evaluated. Violent behavior Factor IV. Drug use Factor V.
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Drug use is linked to antisocial and criminal behavior eg, cannabis, cocaine, or amphetamines. It is a self-administered instrument with the objective of evaluating impulsivity. It consists of thirty items grouped into three personality subscales: Cognitive Impulsiveness, Motor Impulsiveness and Unplanned Impulsivity, measured on a Likert scale with four response options, where 0 is rarely or never, 1 is occasionally, 3 is often 4 always or almost always.
There is no proposed cut-off point. The internal consistency analysis of the BIS scale was performed using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, with a value of. For the sample of this work an internal consistency of. For each of the tsmprana subscales an internal consistency of. The data collection was done through the previous contact of the researchers with the management teams and counselors of the Wdolescencia Education centers, who carried out the selection of the participating classrooms in a totally random manner.
Once the classrooms were selected, the tutor of each course authorized the participation of the adolescents in the study, and together with the counselor of the center they prepared the calendar with the available hours for the application of the instruments. Tempranx, the questionnaire was applied in the weekly tutoring hour that each course has, in the absence of the tutor to avoid students being daolescencia by their presence when answering the questionnaire.
The application dates were from April 8, until April 21,the day on which the questionnaire was applied to the last class. The final version of the questionnaire contained an explanation at the beginning, in which it was stated that the questionnaire they were about to answer was totally anonymous and confidential, the approximate time it would take them to do it, and that sincerity was requested in the responses and the completion of all items.
The participation of the adolescents surveyed was at all times voluntary, counting on their informed consent and respecting their anonymity.
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This research presents an analytical, experimental and transversal design since the purpose is to determine the explanatory variables of the relationship between alcohol consumption and antisocial behavior in adolescent population, by contrasting the hypotheses already described.
Previously, the parametric assumptions of normality and homoscedasticity were checked in order to select the appropriate statistical techniques.
Descriptive statistics frequencies, means and standard deviation were performed. In order to evaluate the internal consistency of the instruments, Cronbach’s Alpha was chosen.
Comparisons between taddia were carried out using several types of techniques: Multiple Linear Regression, Student’s T-test for independent samples and ANOVA for one factor; and the Multiple Linear Regression test tempranw used to check which variables predict the antisocial behavior better in adolescents, what is the relative importance of each of these variables and what percentage of the differences in antisocial behavior could be predicted with them.
On the other hand, the Student’s t was calculated to verify if there were differences in antisocial behavior and in alcohol consumption according to gender, as well as the ANOVA test in order to determine differences according to age in alcohol consumption and antisocial behavior. Likewise, the size of the effect with Cohen’s d statistic in the mean comparisons tests, as well as the Cramer’s V statistic and the contingency coefficient in regression analysis was calculated to assess the estimated magnitude of the proposed relationships.
The SPSS version 19 was used for data processing and subsequent statistical analysis. This section presents the results found when comparing the two hypotheses. First, the relative importance of the investigated variables to determine antisocial behavior in adolescents is assessed, with alcohol consumption and impulsiveness’ importance as explicative variables having been anticipated.
Second, the results from the analysis of sex- and age-related differences in alcohol consumption and antisocial behavior are presented.
The four variables allow us to explain However, although motor impulsiveness and unplanned impulsiveness variables, when considered individually, present a significant correlation with the criterion, this correlation disappears when entering the regression equation.
Therefore, the main explicative variables in the regression equation are alcohol consumption and cognitive impulsiveness. Alcohol consumption allows to explain The absolute value of beta coefficients reveals that alcohol consumption is more important to predict antisocial behavior than cognitive impulsiveness see Table 1. Explanatory variables of Antisocial Behavior in adolescents multiple regression analysis.
Coefficients in the final equation. Gender differences in alcohol consumption and antisocial behavior Student’s t test. To control whether age has an impact on alcohol consumption and antisocial behavior, the first task was to recodify the age variable in three new groups or age levels: To find out which age groups presented such differences, the results from Games-Howell test were taken into consideration, as there was no homoscedasticity.
These results are shown in Table 3which demonstrates significant differences between all age groups, with numbers being higher for late adolescence than for the rest. Mean differences in alcohol consumption according to age level. In antisocial behavior results according to age level, the highest mean corresponds to early adolescence. Our model allows to explain In order to find out which groups presented such differences, Scheffe tests results were taken into consideration, since homoscedasticity was present.
However, there are no significant differences between mid-adolescence and late adolescence in antisocial behavior see Table 4. Mean differences in antisocial behavior according to age level.
The first objective of this study was to find out which variables predict antisocial behavior in adolescents more accurately.