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Lysander Spooner, No Treason. No. II. The Constitution [] The whole authority of the Constitution rests upon it. If they did not consent, it was of no validity. Lysander Spooner, No Treason. No. I. (Boston: Published by the Author, ). If that principle be not the principle of the Constitution, the fact should be known. That two men have no more natural right to exercise any kind of authority over . No Treason: The Constitution of No Authority. December 9, Lysander Spooner. The greatest case for anarchist political philosophy ever written. Narrated by.

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It therefore furnishes no legal evidence that anybody supports it voluntarily.

It is easy to defend aggression against the life, liberty and property of citizens when it lysandeer done in the name of the “people” – even when the “people” have never actually agreed to anything the state, in its capacity as the self-appointed representative of the citizens, does.

On what ground can those who pretend to administer it, claim treaosn right to seize men’s property, to restrain them of their natural liberty of action, industry, and trade, and to kill all who deny their authority to dispose of men’s properties, liberties, and lives at their pleasure or discretion?

Imagine having to sign a document every time you entered into an agreement with anyone. Long before the the Civil War started, Constltution Spooner was a strong abolitionist and was extremely active in supporting efforts to free the slaves. And it is of no importance whether I called him master or servant, agent or owner. They could not sustain themselves a moment but for the loans made to them by these blood-money loan-mongers.

No Treason The Constitution of No Authority – LewRockwell

Rteason must be responsible for the acts of these pretended agents; and if they cannot show any open and authentic credentials from their principals, they cannot, in law or reason, be said to have any principals. Where would be the end of fraud and litigation, if one party could bring into court a written instrument, without any signature, and claim to have it enforced, upon the ground that it was written for another man to sign?

It is so in Europe, and it is so in this country. Many never vote at all. Autbority do many millions of men, scattered over an extensive territory—each gifted by nature with individual freedom; required by the law of nature to n no man, or body of men, his masters; authorized by that law to seek his own happiness in his own way, to do what he will with himself and his property, so long as he does not trespass upon the equal liberty of others; authorized also, by that law, to defend his own rights, and redress his own wrongs; and to go to the assistance and defence of any Edition: If he presumes to say that he has never contracted with us to protect him, and that he wants none of our protection, say to him that that aufhority our business, and not his; that we choose to protect him, whether he desires us to do so or not; and that we demand pay, too, for protecting him.


No Treason (1867-1870)

Consequently the treason here spoken of, must be held to be treason in fact, and not merely something that may have been falsely called by that name. He is too much of a gentleman to be guilty of such impostures, and insults, and villainies as these.

The accepted interpretation of the Constitution, therefore, makes the foreigner a free person, on this point, while it makes the native a slave.

All of these ideas are outside of the acceptable norm of the mainstream now. Even if they were mistaken in their law, that mistake, if an innocent one, could not make them traitors in fact. No body of men can be said to authorize a man to act as od agent, to the injury of a third person, unless they do it in so open and authentic a manner as to make themselves personally responsible for his acts.

The single despot stands out in the face of all men, and says: If they did not consent, it was of no validity. When these emperors and kings, so-called, have obtained their loans, they proceed to hire and train immense numbers of authoritt murderers, called soldiers, and employ them in shooting down all who resist their demands for money.

This idea was the dominant one on which the war was carried on; and it is the dominant one, now that we have got what is called “peace. The Best of Lysander Spooner. On general principles of law and reason, it cannot be said that the government has any voluntary supporters at all, until it can cojstitution distinctly shown who its voluntary supporters are.

No man can reasonably or legally be said to do such a thing as assent to, or support, the Constitution, unless he does it openly, and in a way to make himself personally responsible for the acts of his agents, so long as they act within the limits of the power he delegates to them.

And we are insane enough to call this liberty! Therefore these pretended agents cannot legitimately claim to be really agents.

No Treason: The Constitution of No Authority by Lysander Spooner

But who of them do thus vote, and especially how each one votes whether so as to aid or oppose the governmenthe does not know; the voting being all done secretly by secret ballot. And in the case of married women conveying their rights in real estate, the law, auuthority many States, requires that the women shall be examined separate and spooenr from their husbands, and declare that they sign their contracts free of any fear or compulsion of their husbands. Consequently the first proceeds of their extortions are scrupulously applied to the payment of the interest on their loans.


As everybody who supports the Constitution by voting if there are any such does so secretly by lysahder ballotand in a way to avoid all personal responsibility for the acts of his agents or representatives, it cannot legally or reasonably be said that anybody at all supports the Constitution by voting. And why did these men abolish slavery? But conatitution they refuse any longer to pay for being thus cheated, plundered, enslaved, and murdered, they will cease to have cheats, and usurpers, and robbers, and murderers, and blood-money loan-mongers for masters.

In addition to paying the interest on their bonds, they perhaps grant to the holders of them great monopolies in banking, like the Banks of England, of France, and of Vienna; with the agreement that these banks shall furnish money whenever, in sudden emergencies, it may be necessary to shoot down more of their people.

I treasom the State: The man to whom he would most naturally fly for protection, may prove an enemy, when the time of trial comes. How is it that each of them comes to be stripped of all his natural, God-given rights, and to be incorporated, compressed, compacted, and consolidated into a mass with other men, whom he never saw; oof whom he has no contract; and towards many of whom he constitutkon no sentiments but fear, hatred, or contempt?

No Treason Quotes

It answered my purposes at the time. There is not, in the Constitution, a syllable that implies that persons, born within the territorial limits of the United States, have allegiance imposed upon them on account of their birth in the country, or that they will be judged by any different rule, on the subject of treason, than persons of foreign birth.

Tell him to kill all who resist, though they should be hundreds of thousands; and thus strike terror into all others similarly disposed. I’m not sure that I’m ready to don the mantle of anarchism quite yet, but after reading these essays by Lysander Spooner, I no longer feel justified in my support of minimal government.